Category Archives: Examining Every Scripture

The Faithful and Merciful GOD (2 Kings Chapter 13)

A Study in 2 KingsGOD is faithful, through WHOM you were called into fellowship with HIS SON
1 Corinthians 1:9

In this series of studies in 2 Kings, our Beloved LORD GOD has been allowing us to learn of HIS ways. In this thirteenth chapter of 2 Kings we will observe:

  • Our faithful GOD keeping the everlasting covenant HE made with Abraham, and his descendants even though wronged by Abraham’s descendants (Lev 26:43-45). HE refused to destroy the nation of Israel (2 Kin 13:23), because of the covenant HE made with HIS friend Abraham (Jam 2:23). HE confirmed the covenant with Abraham’s son, Isaac (Gen 26:1-6), confirmed it again with Abraham’s grandson, Jacob (Gen 28:10-19), and continues to confirm it through every generation (Psa 105:6-11, Luk 1:72-75).
  • Our merciful GOD extends HIS compassion to the wrongdoing descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, because HE is a GOD of love (2 Cor 13:11). In fact, our GOD is love (1 Jhn 4:8). And as such, HIS mercy is always present, even in HIS anger (Hab 3:2). We witness HIS mercy for disobedient Israel throughout 2 Kings chapter 13, and in 2 Kings 14:26. All through The BIBLE we see HIS mercy extended to those who humble themselves when disciplined for their sins. We observe it:
    • all the way through the book of Judges, our Beloved LORD GOD moved to pity by the groaning of an oppressed, afflicted, disobedient Israel; HE would raise up judges to deliver them (Jdg 2:16-18)
    • during the discipline of king David, when he took a census of the fighting men of Israel (2 Sam 24:1-17)
    • during Ahab’s reaction to the LORD’s judgment pronounced against his house (1 Kin 21:17-29)
    • at the time Solomon’s son king Rehoboam, humbled himself when Egypt came against him (2 Chr 12:1-8)
    • for the paralyzed man lying at the Bethesda pool at the sheep gate in Jerusalem (Jhn 5:1-17, Act 10:38).

Why would GOD keep covenant with people who would not keep covenant with HIM? For four of many reasons:

  • HE is faithful (Deu 7:9, 1 Cor 1:9, 1 Ths 5:24). Which means HE is a GOD of truth (Isa 65:16), HE will not lie (Tit 1:2, Heb 6:18) or make deceitful promises (Jer 1:12, 2 Chr 6:4-10). HIS constant faithfulness is a result of HIS integrity, not dependent on whether man is faithful or not (2 Tim 2:13).
  • HE is The Covenant KEEPER (Dan 9:4, 2 Sam 23:5). So HE will not fail (Deu 4:31); change (Mal 3:6, Jam 1:17); and is always trustworthy (Isa 40:8, Rev 15:3).
  • HE is merciful, and has pity on those who suffer (Deu 32:36, Jdg 2:18, Psa 106:44-45). HE will act on their behalf, as HE did for Jehoahaz and Jehoash (2 Kin 13:4-5, 2 Kin 13:10-19, 2 Kin 13:24-25). HIS love and faithfulness are unfailing (Psa 86:15).
  • HE is kind to all (Mat 5:45), even those who hate HIM (Act 7:42-43, Neh 9:16-21). Yet HE will punish all who do wrong (Exd 32:35, Psa 78:1-72, Rom 2:5-8).

Are there specific practices (ongoing behavior) that causes one to break covenant with GOD? Yes, we will present four of them. First, when there is unbelief in GOD and HIS WORD. The unbeliever will not listen to GOD because of their absence of belief; lack of faith; lack of trust; skeptism; uncertainty (Exd 4:10-16, Num 14:11-12, Psa 78:21-22, Psa 106:24, Heb 3:17-18). Second when one is practicing idolatry. Idolatry is a sin of the mind and heart against GOD. With this particular sin, there is lack of acknowledgment of, devotion to, or reverence for GOD (Jos 23:16, Psa 106:34-43, Rom 1:20-23, Col 3:5-6). Third, when one walks in disobedience. They fail to obey; fail to listen; are faithless; rebellious; insubordinate (1 Sam 15:22-23, Isa 5:24-25, Rom 2:8-9, Eph 5:6, 2 Ths 1:7-9). Fourth, they grumble and complain, quietly speaking discontent; finding fault; not thankful; ungrateful (Num 4:10-16, Num 11:1, Num 14:26-33, 1 Cor 10:10, Php 2:14-15).

Is there a final outcome for the faithless? Yes, Scripture plainly states:

He who remains stiff-necked after much rebuke
Will be suddenly and incurably broken
Proverbs 29:1

Take care, brethren
That there not be in any one of you an evil, unbelieving heart
That falls away from the living GOD
Hebrews 3:12

But for the cowardly and unbelieving
And abominable and murderers and immoral persons
And sorcerers and idolaters and all liars
Their part will be in the lake that burns with fire and brimstone
Which is the second death
Revelation 21:8

The Company We Keep (2 Kings Chapter 12)

A Study in 2 KingsJehoash did right in the sight of The LORD
All his days in which Jehoiada the priest instructed him
2 Kings 12:2

As is my custom, knowing that my role is HIS messenger, I asked my Beloved LORD GOD what is YOUR message for this twelfth chapter of 2 Kings, HE promptly spoke “the company we keep”. As I carefully read 2 Kings chapter 12 and 2 Chronicles chapter 24, I meditated on HIS message. HE then began to reveal HIS message to me through Scripture, showing me how the company we keep, influences how we live and think.


  • Joash and Jehoash are the same person. He is called Joash in 2 Kin 11:2, 2 Kin 12:19-20, 2 Chr 24:1-2, 2 Chr 24:22, 2 Chr 24:24. He is called Jehoash in 2 Kin 11:21, 2 Kin 12:1-2, 2 Kin 12:4, 2 Kin 12:7, 2 Kin 12:18.
  • High places ― In 2 Kings 12:3, as in many places in the Old Testament our Beloved LORD GOD referenced the high places which were not taken away, places where people still sacrificed and burned incense. What were these high places? These were places that the wicked nations whom GOD drove out of the promise land before the nation of Israel (Deu 9:4-5), served their gods (idols). These wicked nations set up altars to sacrifice to demons, bricks to burn incense, and placed all types of idols (pillars/monuments of their gods; engraved images; carved wooden images), on high mountains, on hills, and under every green tree for worship (Deu 12:2-3, Isa 65:3-7). Before the nation of Israel ever went into the promised land, our Beloved LORD GOD told them four things:
    • drive out the wicked nations before them and utterly destroy their high places (Num 33:50-56)
    • do not learn their practices (Lev 18:3-5, Lev 20:22-24, Deu 12:29-31)
    • do not serve HIM the way the wicked served their idols (Deu 12:4)
    • be careful to only serve HIM, at the place HE put HIS NAME among the tribes (Lev 17:1-7, Deu 12:5-14)

They did not obey HIM, instead mingling with and learning the practices of the wicked nations (Psa 106:34-39). Israel became like the wicked nations they kept company with. By the above description of high places, Joash even set up a high place after the death of Jehoiada (2 Chr 34:18). Yet, four good kings in Judah, obeyed our GOD, and tore down the high places in the land of Judah (king Asa-2 Chr 14:1-8, king Jehoshaphat-2 Chr 17:1-9, king Hezekiah-2 Kin 18:1-6, king Josiah-2 Kin 23:1-25).

  • Building Fund ― king Jehoash commanded the priests to set up a fund to repair the damages to the house of The LORD (2 Kin 12:5, 2 Chr 24:5), and make utensils to replace the ones taken by Athaliah’s sons (2 Chr 24:14). He commanded the priest to do this quickly (2 Chr 24:5) by collections from three sources in Judah:
    • the census levy for every male 20 and over, to be used for the service of the place where GOD puts HIS NAME (Exd 30:11-16, 2 Chr 24:6, Mat 17:24-27)
    • vow offerings (Lev 27:1-8, an offering for a person who took a vow, to dedicate themselves to The LORD’s service; the valuation of the offering was based on the offeror’s worth as a worker for a specified period)
    • freewill offerings of money, given by those whose hearts moved them (2 Kin 12:4, Exd 35:20-29)

But these collections and the repair on the house of GOD did not happen quickly as directed by king Jehoash (2 Chr 24:5), so king Jehoash got directly involved in the building fund by taking collections out of the hands of the priests. He made a proclamation throughout Judah concerning the collection of the census levy, and had those collections deposited into a chest that stood where people coming into the house of GOD could make them. The deposits were paid directly to the repairers (2 Kin 12:9-12, 2 Chr 24:8-14).

  • Asherim ― is the plural form of Asherah (2 Chr 24:18, 1 Kin 18:17-19). Multiple Asherah or female deities in a carved wooden or tree form, are set up as an Asherim, in the despicable high places.

Overview of 2 Kings Chapter 12: Wycliffe Bible Commentary gives us a succinct overview of 2 Kings Chapter 12, through discussion of 2 Chr 24:1:

The reign of Joash serves as a personification of the whole history of Judah. In its earlier part, Joash lived righteously, honoring The LORD, and caring for the Temple, with its sacrifices that depicted GOD’s eternal plan of salvation (2 Chr 24:1-14). Yet in its later part, he forsook both The LORD and HIS Temple (2 Chr 24:15-19), murdered the prophet who rebuked him, the son of the very priest who had established and guided him (2 Chr 24:20-22), suffered a humiliating defeat to Hazael of Damascus (2 Chr 24:23-24), and died weakened by wounds and slain for his crimes (2 Chr 24:25-27).

Our Beloved LORD GOD’s personal message to each one of us as laid out in 2 Kings Chapter 12 and 2 Chronicles Chapter 24 is “the company we keep (our companions), influences how we live and think.”

2 Kin 12:2, As long as the high priest Jehoiada lived Joash did right in the sight of GOD (2 Kin 12:2, 2 Chr 24:2). He collected a building fund (2 Kin 12:4-10, 2 Chr 24:5-11); repaired the House of GOD (2 Kin 12:11-16, 2 Chr 24:12-14); replaced the holy utensils stolen from GOD’s House (2 Chr 24:14).

But sadly, once Jehoiada died, the wicked officials of Judah came and led king Joash astray. He forsook our GOD (2 Chr 24:17, 20); abandoned HIS House (2 Chr 24:18); set up a high place and served the Asherim and the idols  (2 Chr 24:18); would not listen to GOD’s prophets concerning their sin (2 Chr 24:19); murdered Zechariah (Jehoiada’s son) for speaking GOD’s message (2 Chr 24:20-22, Luk 11:51); bribed Hazael to spare Judah by giving him, GOD’s sacred things (2 Kin 12: 18).

Are there other examples in The BIBLE of being led  astray by bad company? Yes, there are plenty, but first we must tell you that our Beloved LORD GOD specifically warns about bad company corrupting good morals (1 Cor 15:33). HE strongly warns us, by saying “do not be deceived” anyone who is a partner, friend, companion of the ungodly, unbelieving, or disobedient will be affected by them (Psa 1:1, 1 Jhn 2:28-29). A godly person cannot continually spend time with the ungodly and not begin to think like, speak like, believe like, behave like, or become like them. And this corruption can come through wicked:

  • counsel like in the cases of Amnon and his cousin Jonadab (2 Sam 13:1-6, 2 Sam 13:30-33); Rehoboam and his childhood friends (1 Kin 12:1-15)
  • associations like in the cases of Solomon and his foreign wives (1 Kin 11:1-10); marriage alliances between the children of king Jehoshaphat and king Ahab (2 Chr 18:1, 1 Kin 22:44, 2 Kin 8:16-18); believers and unbelievers (2 Cor 6:14-18, 1 Cor 5:9-11)

What would cause Joash to forsake The LORD when Jehoiada died? Because his relationship was with Jehoiada not our GOD. And this will always happen when your trust and confidence is in men not GOD (Jer 17:5, Isa 2:22, Psa 146:3-5). Bad company can corrupt good morals when one does not love GOD completely (Jer 2:2, Mat 24:12, Rev 2:4), and this lack of love for GOD causes one to:

  1. easily be enticed by ungodly associations (Pro 1:10-15, Eph 5:6-17)
  2. be seduced by selfish desires (Mrk 4:18-19, Eph 2:3, 2 Pet 2:9-10)
  3. be drawn away by the world and the things in the world (1 Jhn 2:15-17, Jam 4:4)

How can one keep their lives pure, and not become a companion of the ungodly? First and foremost, by persistently loving GOD with all that is within us (Deu 6:4-5, Mrk 12:29-30); clinging to HIM (Deu 10:20-21, Psa 63:7-8); continually seeking HIS face (1 Chr 16:11); living our lives according to HIS WORD (Psa 119:9); treasuring that WORD within our hearts (Psa119:11); be companions of the wise (Psa 119:63, Pro 13:20, Pro 27:17); testify of the goodness of our BELOVED LORD GOD (Mal 3:16-18); be careful of our conduct (Pro 19:16, 2 Pet 3:11-13).

Jonathan and David are an example of two godly friends, who had faith in our GOD, in common (1 Sam Chapters 18-20). And our Heavenly FATHER was with both of them (1 Sam 18:14, 1 Sam 13:2-4, 1 Sam 14:1-23).

GOD’s Purpose Will Not Be Thwarted (2 Kings Chapter 11)

A Study in 2 KingsI know that YOU can do all things
And that no purpose of YOURS can be thwarted
Job 42:2

When I asked our Beloved LORD GOD what the title of HIS message in 2 Kings Chapter 11 is. HE told me “MY purpose will not be thwarted.” I then asked HIM for a foundational Scripture, HE gave me Job 42:2. And then HE had me re-read the very first Scripture in 2 Kings Chapter 11, Wowzer! Didn’t see it until HE showed me, from verse one of 2 Kings Chapter 11, Satan tried to use Athaliah, to thwart, hinder, or stop HIS WORD from being fulfilled. Why? Good question, you will learn exactly why, as we examine that message, in addition to three more as follows:

  • Satan cannot thwart GOD’s purpose (2 Kin 11:1)
  • When Hidden in GOD (2 Kin 11:2-3)
  • GOD keeps HIS Purpose Moving to the Goal (2 Kin 11:4-19, 2 Kin 11:21)
  • People rejoice when GOD steps in (2 Kin 11:20)

I love, love, love GOD’s WORD, for so many, many reasons. And in this study of HIS WORD, HE gives four messages that will bring comfort and continue to build our trust in our Beloved LORD GOD.

Before we begin, let’s first briefly look at some historical background that will provide understanding of information, that might be overlooked.

By way of reminder, Athaliah is:
• Granddaughter of the deceased wicked king of Israel, Omri (1 Kin 16:23-26)
• Daughter of Omri‘s deceased son Ahab, and his wife Jezebel (1 Kin 16:28-33)
• Sister of Jehoram king of Israel, who is also the son of Ahab & Jezebel (2 Kin 3:1-3)
• Wife of Jehoram deceased king of Judah (2 Kin 8:16-18)
• Mother of Ahaziah king of Judah (2 Kin 8:25-27)
• Grandmother of Joash future king of Judah (2 Kin 11:2)

Carites (2 Kin 11:4) also known as the Cherethites (pronounced “KER-ih-thites”), were a tribe inhabiting the Negev, or southern country (1 Sam 30:14, Eze 25:15-16, Zep 2:5). This tribe of Cherethites, along with the Pelethites and Gittites, were the six hundred men who came with David from Gath of the Philistines (1 Sam 23:13, 1 Sam 25:1-13, 1 Sam 30:1-25, 2 Sam 15:18). These men formed his personal army of mighty men. These men continued to personally surround him, even after he became king (2 Sam 8:15-18; 2 Sam 20:7, 1 Kin 1:38). From David’s reign onward, the Carites or Cherethites became the trusted bodyguards of the king of Judah (2 Chr 17:12-19).

Satan cannot thwart GOD’s purpose (2 Kin 11:1)
We must remember that our struggles are not with flesh and blood but with Satan and his demonic angels (Eph 6:12). Satan does this by holding people captive to do his will (2 Tim 2:26). We see our Precious LORD & SAVIOR JESUS CHRIST address this when Peter was being held to declare his own interests instead of CHRIST’s (Mat 16:21-23).

As previously mentioned, this study opens up with Satan trying to thwart GOD’s purpose. Satan uses Athaliah to try and stop The WORD of our Beloved LORD GOD from being fulfilled concerning the sons of David (2 Sam 7:12-13, 2 Sam 7:16, 1 Kin 11:36, 2 Kin 8:19). He knows JESUS is the descendant of David, that will sit on his throne forever (Luk 1:32-33, Eph 2:19-22, Heb 3:6). Satan deceives Athaliah into thinking she can seize the throne if she kills all her grandsons (the royal offspring) of the house of David. Athaliah’s deadly actions, was the third time Satan tried to destroy all David’s sons. Satan first tried it through Jehoram king of Judah, when he killed all his brothers, to prevent rivals for his throne (2 Chr 21:4). Satan tried a second time, when Philistine and Arab invaders came and killed all Jehoram’s sons, with the exception of Ahaziah, his youngest, who became king in his place (2 Chr 21:16-17, 2 Chr 22:1). We have this anchor in our very soul, our Beloved LORD GOD is faithful (2 Tim 2:13, Deu 7:9) and HIS WORD will not fail (Isa 55:10-11, Hab 2:2-3, Mat 5:18).

When Hidden in GOD (2 Kin 11:2-3)
We are truly hidden in HIM (Psa 31:20)! So much so, that HE even prepares a banquet table for us in the presence of our enemies (Psa 23:5). Precious little Joash was hidden in our Beloved LORD GOD’s house for six years, right next to the palace where his grandmother resided. I am in awe how HE did it. HE used the sister of Ahaziah, Jehosheba, to rescue her nephew by taking him and his nurse to a bedroom in the house of our GOD, because she had married the high priest in Judah (2 Kin 11:2-3, 2 Chr 22:11)! GOD not only hid Joash in HIS own house, HE also hid:
• Elijah by the brook Cherith in the land of Israel (1 Kin 17:3-5, 1 Kin 18:1-10)
• Jeremiah and Baruch the scribe from the evil king of Judah, Jehoiakim (Jer 36:26)
And HE hides us who have died to sin (Rom 6:2) with CHRIST in HIM (Col 3:3, Psa 27:5, Psa 63:7-8, Psa 91:1-4)!!! If GOD is for us, who can be against us? (Rom 8:31)

GOD keeps HIS Purpose Moving to the Goal (2 Kin 11:4-19, 2 Kin 11:21)
This BIBLE study so blessed me!!! Watching our powerful, amazing GOD keep HIS WORD moving toward its goal. If we could only see, how HE moves the promises in our lives forward to fulfillment! I was so blessed to watch our Beloved LORD GOD at work in the 11th chapter of 2 Kings. Our Awesome GOD delivered David’s young descendant safely to his rightful throne by:

  • Making sure baby Joash escaped death (2 Kin 11:2, 2 Chr 22:11)
  • Moving on the heart of Jehoiada the high priest in Judah (2 Chr 24:6), in the seventh year of Joash’s young life, to sit him on his father’s throne. Jehoiada did this by:
    • First gathering the Carites, personal bodyguards to the king of Judah (2 Kin 11:4)
    • Making a covenant with them, putting them under oath, and revealing Joash to them (2 Kin 11:4)
    • Sending them throughout Judah to gather all the scattered Levites and heads of every tribe to the House of GOD (2 Chr 23:1-2)
    • Assembling the Priests, Levites, Carites, and Tribal heads, in the House of GOD to make a covenant with Joash and declare The WORD of The LORD concerning the sons of David. (2 Chr 23:3)
    • Assigning the Priests, Levites, and Carites particular duties to guard Joash and get him safely to his throne on the very next Sabbath. The one day of the week, our Beloved LORD GOD set aside as holy (Exd 20:11); the day when all the people of Judah, would be gathered together at the House of GOD to worship (2 Kin 11:5-12, 2 Chr 23:4-11):
      • The Priests and Levites were broken down into groups:
        1. the group coming on duty for the Sabbath, would guard the palace or king’s house in three different places (2 Kin 11:5-6, 2 Chr 23:4-5)
        2. the group scheduled to go off duty on the Sabbath, would remain at the House of GOD, in three groups. Two groups would guard the HOUSE of GOD (2 Kin 11:7), and a third group would completely surround Joash with weapons in their hands to protect him (2 Kin 11:8, 2 Chr 23:7).
      • The Carites received King David’s weapons in the House of GOD from Jehoiada, some guarded the Levites (2 Kin 11:9-10), some guarded the House of GOD (2 Kin 11:11, 2 Chr 23:9-10)
    • Crowning Joash as king of Judah (2 Kin 11:12), placing the written WORD of GOD in his little hands (Deu 17:14-20), and anointing him to serve GOD as king in Judah (2 Kin 9:6)
    • Removing the new king’s enemy by death (2 Kin 11:13-16, 2 Chr 23:12-15)
    • Setting the nation in order, by having every citizen enter covenant with GOD to be HIS people (2 Kin 11:17, 2 Chr 23:16); every citizen enter covenant with their new king, to be loyal (2 Kin 11:17); destroyed Baal worship in Judah (2 Kin 11:18, 2 Chr 23:17); set the House of GOD in order (2 Chr 23:18-19); and finally placed the king on David’s throne in David’s palace (2 Kin 11:19, 2 Chr 23:20)

People rejoice when GOD steps in (2 Kin 11:20)
Our Beloved LORD GOD tells us “when a wicked man rules, people groan” (Pro 29:2), and hide themselves (Pro 28:12). Why? Because they are cruel taskmasters (Exd 1:8-14), their compassion is heartless (Pro 12:10); they strike fear in the hearts of those who are ruled by them (Pro 28:15); they lack understanding (Pro 28:16). Athaliah was a wicked daughter from a long line of wicked people. In her wickedness, she:

  • tried to destroy the royal household of Judah (2 Kin 11:1, 2 Chr 22:10-12)
  • brought Baal worship into Judah (2 Kin 8:16-19)
  • allowed her sons who were murdered by the Philistine and Arab invaders (2 Chr 22:1), to break into the house of GOD and use HIS holy things in the house of Baal (2 Chr 24:7)

Our Beloved LORD also tells us “when the wicked perish, there is joyful shouting” (Pro 11:10). The people are shouting for joy because their time of suffering has passed. When Athaliah was put to death, a young king from the house of David, who had been directed and protected by the high priest, was crowned (2 Kin 11:12-16, 2 Chr 23:11-15). However, we must not miss the compassion of our Beloved LORD GOD on full display, in 2 Kings 11:20. GOD tells us all the people of the land rejoiced, and the city was quiet. For they had put Athaliah to death with the sword at the king’s house. They rejoiced that GOD had moved on their behalf, but they did not rejoice that the life of their oppressor was taken (Pro 24:17-18). HIS desire is to preserve life, not destroy it (2 Sam 14:14, Jhn 6:37-40), to save life, not have it perish (Eze 18:23, Eze 33:11, 2 Pet 3:9).

Just one final thought before we end this study. Our Precious ABBA FATHER throughout The BIBLE teaches us:

  • the power of words (Pro 18:21, Pro 13:3, Pro 12:18)
  • the source of the words we speak (Mat 15:18, Isa 32:6, Mat 12:34-35, Luk 6:45)
  • how to use words (Eph 4:29, Col 4:6)
  • how not to use words (Eph 5:4, Col 3:8-9)
  • when to restrain words (Pro 17:27, Mat 7:6, Jam 1:19)
  • the consequences of unrestrained words (Pro 10:19, Mat 12:36-37, Jam 3:1-12)

Therefore, knowing the weight our Beloved ABBA FATHER gives words, and that each one of HIS WORDS are tested and refined (Psa 12:6, Pro 30:5, ), and they serve a purpose that will be accomplished (Isa 55:10-11, Rom 15:4, 2 Tim 3:16, 2 Pet 1:20), and they will stand forever (Psa 119:89, Psa 119:151-152, Isa 40:8). I asked my Beloved LORD GOD about 2 Kin 11:21. Why did HE close this chapter with a single Scripture, “Jehoash was seven years old when he became king.” HE has not yet revealed it to me, so I can’t discuss it with you. I am HIS humble messenger and patiently wait for HIS message. When HE reveals it to me, with HIS permission I will reveal it you.

It is HE who reveals the profound and hidden things
HE knows what is in the darkness
And the light dwells with HIM
Daniel 2:22

GOD’s WORD Accomplished (2 Kings Chapters 9 and 10)

A Study in 2 KingsFor as the rain and the snow come down from heaven
And do not return there without watering the earth
And making it bear and sprout
And furnishing seed to the sower and bread to the eater
So will MY WORD be which goes forth from MY Mouth
It will not return to ME empty
Without accomplishing what I desire
And without succeeding in the matter for which I sent it
Isaiah 55:10-11

In this BIBLE study of 2 Kings Chapters 9 and 10, we will observe the accomplishment of GOD’s WORD concerning the house of Ahab the king of Israel. Because Jezebel his wife incited him, Ahab did more evil in the sight of our Beloved LORD GOD than all the kings of Israel before him (1 Kin 16:29-33, 1 Kin 21:25-26). As a result, the following judgments were pronounced against all who belonged to his house:

  • Jehu, the son of Nimshi, would be anointed king over Israel in Ahab’s place (1 Kin 19:16).
  • Jehu would put to death anyone that escaped from the sword of Hazael (1 Kin 19:17).
  • The place in Jezreel where Naboth and his sons’ blood were spilled for their vineyard, the blood of Ahab’s sons who lived in Jezreel, would be spilled (1 Kin 21:19).
  • The dogs would eat Jezebel in the district of Jezreel (1 Kin 21:23).
  • Every male in the house of Ahab, whether free or bond, would be cutoff or killed (1 Kin 21:21-22).

Beginning with 2 Kings Chapter 9, judgments come to pass, accomplishing GOD’s WORD concerning the House of Ahab:

  • In 2 Kings 9:1-6, Elisha sent one of the sons of the prophets to Jehu, a servant of the king of Israel (Jehoram aka Joram) and one of the captains in his army). Elisha instructed the young man to take Jehu into an inner room (2 Kin 9:2, 2 Kin 9:6), anoint him with oil from a flask he brought with him (2 Kin 9:3, 2 Kin 9:6), speaking ‘Thus says The LORD, “I have anointed you king over Israel.”’ (2 Kin 9:3, 2 Kin 9:6), and flee, do not wait (2 Kin 9:3). Thus, accomplishing our Beloved LORD GOD’s WORD that Jehu would be anointed the next king of Israel (1 Kin 19:16).
  • In 2 Kings 9:10, Jehu is instructed to accomplish GOD’s WORD concerning the house of Ahab.
  • In 2 Kings 9:11-13, the captains in the army of Israel, along with their troops at Ramoth-gilead, acknowledge Jehu as the king of Israel and support him, by throwing their garments under his feet. Through this act, our Beloved LORD GOD has given Jehu the army needed to accomplish the overthrow of the house of Ahab.
  • In 2 Kings 9:15, we are shown three things. First, king Jehoram was injured in the battle against Hazael, king of Aram. Second, king Jehoram left his army at Ramoth-gilead and went to Jezreel (a city north of the capital city of Samaria where one of the King’s residences was located–1 Kin 21:1) to recuperate from his wounds. And third, Jehu instructed the captains of the Israel army to let no one either escape or leave Ramoth-gilead to go announce he had been made king. Jehu wanted to catch his enemies by surprise.
  • In 2 Kings 9:16-37, we witness six events and four prophecies fulfilled:
    • 2 Kin 9:16-17, Jehu was a captain (or a commander) the army of Israel, and he had a company (two or more platoons of soldiers) whom he led. He rode in his chariot, taking his company with him to Jezreel to kill Jehoram (Joram), and defeat any uprising.
    • 2 Kin 9:16, Ahaziah, the wicked king of Judah, had come down to see king Joram of Israel. Ahaziah was actually checking on the well-being of his uncle, as his mother was Joram’s sister. Joram and Athaliah were both the children of Ahab and Jezebel (2 Kin 3:1, 2 Kin 8:18).
    • 2 Kin 9:17-20, there was a watchman standing on the tower in Jezreel, doing exactly what a watchman should be doing:
      • keeping watch; he was aware Jehu and his company headed toward Jezreel (2 Kin 9:17).
      • notified the one who could do something about it (the king of Israel), informing him of an incoming company of warriors (2 Kin 9:17).
      • kept the king apprised of what was happening; letting the king know the messengers he sent out, did not return, instead they joined the warriors (2 Kin 9:18-20).
      • identified the enemy upon closer approach; the leader of the incoming company of warriors, drives like his servant Jehu (2 Kin 9:20).
    • In 2 Kings 9:21-26, we witness the interaction between Jehu and Joram, the death of Joram by Jehu’s hand, and the fulfillment of three prophecies:
      • Jehu and his company stopped at the property of Naboth, the Jezreelite (2 Kin 9:21), where king Joram personally met him. He inquired was the mission one of peace. Jehu informed Joram there could be no peace as long as idolatry and witchcraft existed in Israel through his mother the queen (2 Kin 9:22).
      • King Joram tried to turn and flee, as he warned his nephew Ahaziah, the king of Judah (2 Kin 9:23). But Jehu killed Joram.
      • Jehu had Joram’s body thrown into the property of the field of Naboth, the Jezreelite (2 Kin 9:24-26), beginning the fulfilment of GOD’s judgment against the house of Ahab (2 Kin 9:7-9), and fulfilling three prophecies. The first prophecy, the dogs will lick up Ahab’s blood in the same place the dogs had licked up Naboth’s blood (1 Kin 21:19)*; the second prophecy, the blood of Ahab’s descendants who die in the city, the dogs will eat (1 Kin 21:24); the third prophecy, the destruction of Ahab’s house, would happen in the days of his sons (1 Kin 21:29).      
    • In 2 Kings 9:27-29, Ahaziah is killed by Jehu. With Ahaziah’s death, two things occur, a male from the house of Ahab is cutoff, even though he is king of Judah. He might have lived, as his son after him would live, but he died. Because he led Judah in the same evil practices as the house of Ahab (2 Chr 22:1-4)
    • In 2 Kings 9:30-37, the judgment against Jezebel is carried out because she incited her husband Ahab in wickedness (1 Kin 21:25), murdered the prophets and servants of The LORD (2 Kin 9:7), and had an innocent man and his sons, murdered for their vineyard (1 Kin 21:7-15, 2 Kin 9:25-26). Jezebel was:
      • the wife of Ahab and mother of Joram (1 Kin 16:29-31, 2 Kin 9:22)
      • the daughter of a Sidonian king (1 Kin 16:31-33), brought Baal worship into Israel (1 Kin 16:32, 1 Kin 18:17-19).
      • aware that Jehu had come to Jezreel and killed her son. But instead of humbling herself, she put on makeup and waited at the window for Jehu’s arrival (2 Kin 9:30). As Jehu entered the gate to the palace, she taunted him, by calling him Zimri, the fifth wicked king in Israel, who like Jehu was a commander that killed his master, the fourth king of Israel (2 Kin 9:31, 1 Kin 16:8-10). Though Zimri was only king for 7 days (1 Kin 16:15-19), GOD used him to complete the destruction of the house of Baasha (1 Kin 16:8-20).
      • in an upper palace window, when Jehu carried out GOD’s judgment against her, fulfilling a fourth prophecy concerning the house of Ahab (2 Kin 9:32-37, 1 Kin 21:23, 2 Kin 9:10).

As we continue on to 2 Kings Chapter 10, we see Jehu completing his mandate against the house of Ahab. Our Beloved LORD GOD gives us insight into why HE chose Jehu to execute HIS judgment, why the other captains of the army of Israel quickly accepted him as king, and why they kept his initial instructions to keep his appointment as king of Israel quiet. In this chapter, we will witness Jehu’s expert skills in warfare (strategy, tactics, and techniques of combat), in bringing down the house of Ahab.

  • In 2 Kin 10:1-7, Ahab had seventy sons in the capital city of Samaria, where they were being protected, cared for, and prepared for places of leadership by the rulers, elders, guardians, and prominent men in that city (2 Kin 10:1, 2 Kin 10:6). Jehu chose a strategy of psychological warfare against the leaders and guardians in Samaria. He knew by now, that all of Israel and Judah, were aware that he had killed their reigning kings and Jezebel. So Jehu sent a letter to the leaders and guardians in Samaria, noting they had the things necessary to go to war against him (horses, chariots, a city fortified with walls, and weapons), and suggested they choose one of Ahab’s best and most upright sons and make him king. Then they and their new king of Israel could engage him in warfare (2 Kin 10:2-3). The psychological warfare was effective, because without the need to go to physical battle against Samaria, the leaders, and guardians:
    • refused to fight against Jehu (2 Kin 10:4)
    • acknowledged Jehu as the king of Israel, and promised obedience (2 Kin 10:5)

Jehu then sent a second letter, calling the leaders and guardians to decapitate all seventy sons, and come to him the next day at Jezreel (2 Kin 10:7). The leaders and guardians carried out Jehu’s instructions, and slaughtered all seventy of Ahab’s sons, but sent the heads to Jezreel without accompanying them (2 Kin 10:7).

  • In 2 Kin 10:8-10, Jehu continues his psychological warfare in Jezreel. He had the seventy heads of Ahab’s sons piled up in two heaps until morning, on either side of the entrance gate to Jezreel. The next morning, he publicly admits to killing Jehoram, but he questions who killed the seventy sons of Ahab in Samaria and shipped them to Jezreel. He then testifies that every single word GOD spoke through HIS prophet Elijah against the house of Ahab would be accomplished. In one announcement he garnered support for himself and removed any resistance to a commission he was carrying out on behalf of GOD and HIS servant Elijah.
  • In 2 Kin 10:11, Jehu completed his commission in Jezreel by putting to death all remaining males (free or bond) in Ahab’s family. But Jehu went beyond GOD’s instructions and killed any man who had any type of relationship with Ahab’s family. This sin would not go unpunished, our Beloved LORD GOD would punish the family of Jehu for the bloodshed in Jezreel not belonging to Ahab’s family (Hos 1:4). Rightly did king David say, “Let us now fall into the hand of The LORD for HIS mercies are great, but do not let me fall into the hand of man” (2 Sam 24:14). David understood the cruel heart of man, without mercy, not willing to forgive, and full of judgment.
  • In 2 Kin 10:12-14, Jehu departs for Samaria to complete his mandate and claim his throne. As he and his men were traveling south from Jezreel to Samaria (both cities are located in the map at the end of lesson four), they run into relatives of Ahaziah, king of Judah. Jehu asks them who they are, they identified themselves as relatives of Ahaziah. These forty-two men state their business, “they are going down to greet the sons of the king, and the sons of the queen mother.” These forty-two men also traveling down to Samaria, had not heard what had been happening with the house of Ahab, or even who Jehu was. They essentially identified themselves as part of the house of Ahab, relatives of Ahaziah the grandson of Ahab, and the queen mother (either the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel (Athaliah) or Jezebel herself). As such, they were also put to death.
  • In 2 Kin 10:15-16, Jehu and his men continued their journey to Samaria, when he meets Jehonadab son of Rechab. Jehu and Jehonadab knew each other, as demonstrated by Jehonadab coming to meet Jehu, and Jehu greeting him, instead of asking him to identify himself. Jehu then asks Jehonadab is he in agreement with what he is doing, Jehonadab says yes. Jehu asks him for confirmation by taking his hand and riding in his chariot into Samaria. Jehonadab does (2 Kin 10:15). So, who is Jehonadab? And why is his public allegiance important to Jehu? Jehonadab:
    • Also known as Jonadab (Jer 35:6), belonged to a tribe of scribes who were Kenites (1 Chr 2:55), Jethro the father-in-law of Moses belonged to this tribe (Jdg 1:16), and this tribe showed kindness to the Israelites when they came out of Egypt (1 Sam 15:6) by going with them into the wilderness (Num 10:29-32).
    • A godly man who served only the true GOD of Israel as demonstrated by Jehu’s invitation for him to come see his zeal for The LORD (2 Kin 10:16), and his accompanying Jehu to the house of Baal, to destroy Baal worship in Israel (2 Kin 10:23-28).
    • A man who honored and was honored by GOD (Jer 35:18-19), by walking as a Nazirite (Num 6:1-4, Jdg 3:7) and instructing his descendants after him to walk as Nazirites forever, symbolizing their dedication to GOD (Jer 35:1-6).
    • Was among those faithful saints who considered himself as a sojourner, a stranger, an exile on earth. His permanent home was in the city of GOD (Heb 11:9-10, Heb 11:13-16), instructing his descendants after him to live accordingly (Jer 35:7-11).
  • In 2 Kin 10:17, Jehu entered Samaria and completed his destruction of the house of Ahab, by killing all the remaining males in the capital city.
  • In 2 Kin 10:18-28, Jehu eradicated Baal worship out of Israel by:
    • pretending to serve Baal in a far greater capacity than Ahab (2 Kin 10:18)
    • summoning all the worshippers of Baal (every prophet, priest, and worshipper) in Israel to a solemn assembly; and threatening to kill any worshipper who did not show up (2 Kin 10:19-21)
    • clothing all the worshippers of Baal in garments, so they could be clearly identified, then removing any servants of The LORD (2 Kin 10:22-23)
    • sending in all the worshippers of Baal into the temple to offer sacrifices and burnt offerings (2 Kin 10:24), while stationing eighty soldiers outside, with explicit instructions not to let any Baal worshipper escape (2 Kin 10:24)
    • killing every worshipper of Baal as soon as the burnt offering was finished (2 Kin 10:25)
    • bringing out sacred pillars in the temple of Baal, and burned them (2 Kin 10:26)
    • demolishing both the sacred pillar and temple of Baal, and turned the ruins into a public toilet (2 Kin 10:27)
  • In 2 Kin 10:29-33, we see the justness of our Beloved LORD GOD (Deu 32:4). HE rewarded Jehu for total obedience in completely destroying the house of Ahab, and eradicating Baal worship out of Israel. GOD allowed the house of Jehu to sit on the throne of Israel for over a century. Jehu reigned as king over Israel for twenty-eight years, and his sons after him for four generations (2 Kin 10:30, 2 Kin 10:36, 2 Kin 13:1, 2 Kin 13:10, 2 Kin 14:23, 2 Kin 15:8-12). However, because Jehu continued leading Israel in idolatry (worshipping the golden calves Jeroboam made — 2 Kin 10:29, 2 Kin 10:31), GOD used the Arameans and the Assyrians to continually war with Israel, temporarily reducing their territory (2 Kin 10:32-33, 2 Kin 13:22-25).
  • In 2 Kin 10:34-36, we close this chapter with the death of Jehu and the succession of his son Jehoahaz to the throne of Israel.

In conclusion, in studying chapters nine and ten of 2 Kings, we see GOD repaying the wicked. HE brings a violent end, to a house whose hands are covered with the blood of the righteous (2 Kin 9:7) and the innocent (2 Kin 9:26). We are also given understanding of why our Beloved LORD GOD commands the righteous to separate themselves from the wicked (Psa 1:1, Pro 4:14-17, 2 Cor 6:14-18). When one has a relationship of any level with the wicked, they are influenced by them (1 Kin 11:1-8, Pro 13:20), and will be swept away in their sin (Gen 19:15, Num 16:25-26, Rev 18:4). And in case we still lack understanding, HE strongly tells us in 1 Corinthians 15:33-34:

Do not be deceived

“Bad company corrupts good morals”

Become sober-minded as you ought, and stop sinning

For some have no knowledge of GOD

I speak this to your shame




*it should be noted that when Ahab received the prophecy concerning himself in 1 Kings 21:19, he humbled himself before The LORD, and so our merciful GOD spared him, but the prophecy would be fulfilled with his sons (1 Kin 21:27-29).

It Will Surely Take Place – 2 Kings 8:1-29

A Study in 2 KingsDeclaring the end from the beginning,
And from ancient times things which have not been done,
Saying, ‘My purpose will be established,
And I will accomplish all My good pleasure
Isaiah 46:10 (Nasb)

From Genesis to Revelation our Beloved LORD GOD has specifically spoken to us about events that would take place, their location, their timing and even their duration. HE also spoke with us about people who were born, who would be born, who are yet to be born, where they would live, what they would do, and how long they would be among us. Truly HE is omniscient, and we will once again state the WORDS of our GOD from Isaiah 46:10 using the Message translation:

From the very beginning
Telling you what the ending will be,
All along letting you in on what is going to happen,
Assuring you, ‘I’m in this for the long haul’
“I’ll do exactly what I set out to do”

In this BIBLE study of 2 Kings Chapter 8, we will witness the continual certainty of our Beloved LORD GOD’s WORD, with the fulfillment of HIS WORDS spoken to two of HIS prophets, Elijah and Elisha. We will do this by studying events surrounding a Shunamite woman, and four kings (two in Aram and two in Judah). In this study we will see that our GOD’s WORD:

  • will accomplish what it was sent to do (Isa 55:11, Isa 14:24, Mat 5:18)
  • is pure and blameless truth (2 Sam 22:31, Psa 12:6, Psa 119:140, Pro 30:5, Tit 1:2, Heb 6:18-19)
  • is sure— certain, trustworthy, always effective (Psa 19:7, Psa 93:5, Psa 111:7-8, 2 Cor 1:20)

Truths reflected in events around the Shunamite woman (2 Kings 8:1-6):

  • In 2 Kings 8:1-2, Elisha is speaking directly to the Shunamite woman who provided meals and accommodations to him and his servant (2 Kin 4:8-13). He tells her that our Beloved LORD GOD has called for a seven-year famine in Israel where she is living. The famine will be severe, and she with her household, should temporarily stay in another land for its duration. In these first two Scriptures of 2 Kings chapter 8, we see three truths:
    • Our GOD makes HIS plans known to HIS servants the prophets (Amo 3:7). Here in 2 Kings 8:1 we see HE made them known to Elisha, and throughout the BIBLE, HE made HIS plans known to Elijah (1 Kin 19:15-17), Noah (Gen 6:13), Abraham (Gen 18:17-21), Isaiah (Isa 9:6-7), Jeremiah (Jer 19:2-15), Daniel (Dan 9:20-27)…, including those today who obey HIS WORD (Jhn 15:14-15).
    • We are preserved and protected through obedience (Psa 37:18-19, 1 Kin 17:1-16). The Shunamite woman obeyed the instruction of Elisha, rising up and going into the land of the Philistines with her household, until the famine was over (2 Kin 8:2).
    • HE prepares a table for us, in the presence of our enemies (Psa 23:5). The Shunamite woman went into the land of Israel’s enemies, the Philistines, and yet for seven years our Blessed LORD GOD took care of her and her household there (2 Kin 8:2).
  • In 2 Kings 8:3-6, at the end of the seven years the Shunamite woman returned to Israel and went to the king to appeal to him to get her home and land back. Not only did the king appoint and officer to restore all that was hers, he also commanded that all that her land produced during her absence was restored. What powerful truths our Beloved LORD GOD reveals to us in 2 Kings 8:3-6:
    • No matter the time period, HE does not forget our service to HIS people (Mat 10:42, Heb 6:10) or our compassion for others (Pro 19:17, Deu 15:7-8, Pro 28:27, Mat 25:34-40, Heb 13:2-3). The Shunamite woman provided for GOD’s servant Elisha and his servant in their time of need, our Beloved LORD GOD provided for her and her household.
    • Our Awesome GOD goes before us, taking care of us and moving on our behalf (Deu 1:30-33). In HIS perfect timing, HE went before the Shunamite woman to the king, making her introduction to the king through the mouth of Gehazi (2 Kin 8:3-5).
    • All things work together for good, including those situations we consider so horrific that we wonder how our loving GOD could possibly be working in those situations (Rom 8:28). Our Beloved LORD GOD miraculously gave the Shunamite woman a son (2 Kin 4:14-17, Psa 127:3), and then he died (2 Kin 4:18-20). HE used her son’s death and miraculous restoration to life, as a testimony to the king, causing him to restore all that belonged to her, plus some (2 Kin 4:21-37, 2 Kin 8:6).
    • Our Beloved LORD GOD is a Restorer (Job 42:10-17, Joe 2:25-27). Our GOD restores that which is lost by giving it back, bringing it back, or putting it back to a former condition. At the advice of Elisha, the Shunammite woman temporarily moved herself, and her household to a neighboring land without famine, for the seven years. At the end of them, our Beloved LORD GOD not only restored what belonged to her, but also provided for her and her household for the next seven years (2 Kings 8:1-6).

The WORD of GOD surely took place concerning 2 kings in Aram (2 Kings 8:7-15). When Elijah was running for his life, full of fear, discouragement, and weariness, he came to the mountain of GOD, seeking the presence of GOD (1 Kin 19:1-9). After a discussion between Elijah and GOD, GOD told Elijah to return to Israel by way of the wilderness to Damascus, he would anoint Hazael king over Aram (1 Kin 19:15). In 2 Kings 8:7-15 the prophecy was fulfilled through Elijah’s servant Elisha. Ben-hadad the current king of Aram sent word by his servant Hazael to the prophet Elisha, inquiring if he would recover from his sickness. Though Ben-hadad could have recovered from his sickness, he would die at the hands of his servant Hazael (2 Kin 8:7-9). Our Beloved LORD GOD showed Elisha all the evil Hazael would do (2 Kin 8:10-15), from murdering his master, to the great evil he would do against Israel all of his days. Our GOD repays according to deeds done (Rom 12:19), and HE used Hazael to repay Israel, for all the evil they committed (1 Kin 19:10, Eze 7:9, Hos 4:9, Mat 16:27).

Before we move on to the two kings in Judah, there is a single powerful Scripture (2 Kin 8:19), tucked between the history of the two kings of Aram and the two kings of Judah. This Scripture simply states, “however, The LORD was not willing to destroy Judah, for the sake of David HIS servant, since HE had promised him to give a lamp to him through his sons always.” Our GOD promised David that one of his descendants would sit upon his throne forever (1 Chr 17:11-12). And that descendant is our Precious LORD and SAVIOR JESUS CHRIST (Luk 1:31-33). Though David had descendants who were evildoers, our GOD repaid or removed them, while retaining the throne of David in the city of Jerusalem. Our Beloved LORD GOD retains those who are HIS (Psa 4:3, Psa 145:20, Jud 1:24) and all that belongs to HIM (Zec 8:1-9).

We close this study with two descendants of David (Jehoram and his son Ahaziah), whom GOD removed, because they were wicked kings in Judah (2 Kin 8:16-29). Jehoram was the son of the righteous king Jehoshaphat (2 Chr 17:1-6), but he became wicked when he married king Ahab’s daughter and began to live like Ahab and all the evil kings in Israel (2 Kin 8:16-18). Jehoram and his wife Athaliah, raised their son Ahaziah, to also live wickedly (2 Kin 8:25-27). Through death, my Beloved LORD GOD removed Jehoram from reign after eight years (2 Kin 8:17, 2 Chr 21:5-20), and his son Ahaziah after one year (2 Kin 8:25-26). Our GOD removes evildoers (Psa 34:16, Psa 37:9-10), and throughout The BIBLE HE instructs us not to associate with evildoers (1 Kin 11:1-2, Psa 1:1, Psa 119:115, 1 Cor 15:33-34, 2 Cor 6:14-18), so that we will not be destroyed along with them (Jer 51:6, Jer 51:45, Rev 18:4).

In conclusion, though there are many mockers concerning the times we are living in (2 Pet 3:3-9, Jud 1:17-18), our GOD’s WORD will not fail, it will surely take place (Hab 2:2-3).

What Every Christian Life Should Look Like – 2 Kings 6:1-33

A Study in 2 KingsSo he went with them; and when they came to the Jordan, they cut down trees

But as one was felling a beam, the axe head fell into the water

And he cried out and said, “Alas, my master! For it was borrowed”

Then the man of GOD said, “Where did it fall?”

And when he showed him the place

He cut off a stick and threw it in there

And made the iron float

He said, “Take it up for yourself”

So he put out his hand and took it

2 Kings 6:4-7

In this BIBLE study of 2 Kings Chapter 6, our Beloved LORD GOD gives us a visual of what every Christian life should look like. As Christians, we are followers of JESUS CHRIST (Mat 16:24, Jhn 10:27); the people of GOD (Deu 14:2, Tit 2:14, 1 Pet 2:9); lights in this dark world (Mat 5:14-15); aliens (Heb 11:9-10, 1 Pet 1:11). We are in this world, but we are not of this world (Jhn 17:14-18), so we do not:

  • look like this world (2 Chr 6:41, Psa 132:9, Isa 61:10, Rom 13:12-14, Gal 3:27)
  • think like this world (1 Ths 5:8, Col 3:1-3, Php 3:18-20, Rom 8:5-8, Mat 13:22)
  • behave like this world (Psa 51:6, Mat 6:2-8, Jhn 13:34-35, Eph 5:1-3, 1 Pet 2:12)
  • speak like this world (Pro 12:18, Eph 4:29, Eph 5:4, Col 3:8-9, Col 4:6, Jam 5:12)

What is meant by “this world”? This world is the place where Satan temporarily rules (1 Jhn 5:19, 2 Cor 4:4, Jhn 16:11, Jhn 12:31). It resides in the souls of ungodly men, who are hostile against GOD and all that belongs to HIM (Luk 11:53-54, Act 26:9, Rom 8:7, Col 1:21, 1 Ths 2:14-16) It is an evil, organized, unseen realm under Satan (Eph 6:12), operating through unbelieving people who are opposed to GOD (Eph 2:1-3, Jud 1:15-16).

What is meant by “aliens”? Aliens by definition are people residing in a place where they do not have citizenship or permanent residency. Aliens are strangers (Heb 11:13); sojourners―a person who resides temporarily in a place (Gen 47:9, Psa 39:12).

Who are the people of GOD? We were purchased by our GOD (Act 20:28, Rev 5:8-10, Jhn 1:29), and transferred from the authority of Satan (Col 1:13). We operate in both the seen world (physical, natural, temporal―1 Cor 5:9-11, 1 Jhn 2:15-17), and the unseen world (eternal, spiritual―2 Cor 4:18, 1 Cor 2:14-16).


  • 2 Kings 6:1-3. By way of reminder from the BIBLE study in 2 Kings Chapter 2 (One Taken One Doubly Anointed), our Beloved LORD GOD anointed Elisha to replace Elijah as HIS prophet (1 Kin 19:16). On the day Elijah was taken up to heaven, Elisha received the authority of Elijah’s ministry. And he begin to preside over the various companies of prophets who lived in Jericho near the Jordan River (2 Kin 2:5-7), Bethel (2 Kin 2:3), and Gilgal (2 Kin 4:38). The number of prophets who lived in Jericho had increased to the point, they had outgrown their current facility. So they sought Elisha’s permission to go to the Jordan River and build a new facility there (2 Kin 6:1-3).
  • 2 Kings 6:8. The king of Aram (Syria) was Ben-hadad (2 Kin 6:24). He is the king that attempted to besiege Samaria (the Capital of Israel before) before by taking 32 different Kings with him to fight against Samaria (1 Kin 20:1). Our Beloved LORD GOD intervened and Ben-hadad was soundly defeated twice since he thought our Beloved LORD GOD could only defeat him and his army in the mountains and not in the valley (1 Kin 20:2-30). After our Beloved LORD delivered king Ben-hadad into the hands of king Ahab of Israel, king Ahab let king Ben-hadad go, allowing Aram to continually raid and war against Israel.
  • 2 Kings 6:9. The king of Israel is still Jehoram (aka Joram) the ungodly king, and was in constant disobedience to the WORD of The LORD. We first became acquainted with Jehoram during our study in 2 Kings Chapter 3. Jehoram is the son of king Ahab, of Israel (2 Kin 3:1), and younger brother of king Ahaziah (2 Kin 1:17). Jehoram, like all who are disobedient and unbelieving, though he had witnessed attesting miracles from the true GOD in Israel, he still walked in sin and unbelief (2 Kin 6:31). His sin caused the nation of Israel to continue in sin and hostility to GOD. Consequently, the nation was enduring two severe punishments, besiegement by its enemies (Deu 28:52), and famine (2 Kin 6:24-25). The famine was so severe because of the besiegement, people were eating their own children (2 Kin 6:26-30) as forewarned by our Beloved LORD GOD (Deu 28:53-57).       

 Points to Consider:

  • 2 Kings Chapter 6, reveals our relationship with our Beloved SHEPHERD (Psa 23:1, Psa 100:3, Jhn 10:14):
    1. Our GOD will go with us as demonstrated by Elisha accompanying the prophets to build a new home (2 Kin 6:3-4). HE will never leave us or forsake us (Heb 13:5-6), HE is with us always (Psa 46:7, Isa 41:10, Mat 1:23, Mat 28:20), as HE was with Joseph (Gen 39:2-3, Gen 39:21-23), Moses (Exd 3:12, Exd 33:14), Joshua (Deu 31:23, Jos 1:5), and Paul (Act 18:9-10, 2 Tim 4:16-17).
    2. Our GOD restores that which is lost (2 Kin 6:5-7, Eze 34:11-16, Luk 19:10).
    3. Our GOD reveals hidden matters to HIS own (2 Kin 6:8-14, 2 Kin 6:31-33, Gen 18:17-22, Psa 25:14, Mat 11:25-27, Jhn 15:14-15, Jhn 16:13).
    4. Our GOD grants HIS servants requests (2 Kin 6:17-20, Psa 116:1, Jhn 14:13-15, 1 Jhn 3:22, 1 Jhn 5:14-15).
  • Our Beloved LORD GOD uses Elisha’s actions to give us a visual demonstration of what every Christian life should look like, as a faithful follower, or true Christian:
    1. We have a personal or one-on-one relationship with JESUS CHRIST (Jhn 14:6, 1 Jhn 5:20). Elisha was identified as a “man of GOD” who stood before HIM, indicating his personal relationship with our GOD (2 Kin 5:8, 2 Kin 3:14). A personal relationship with our Beloved LORD GOD, comes only when we abide in HIM and HIS WORD through faith (Jhn 14:23), leading to an obedient life (Gal 2:20, Jud 1:24).
    2. We continually speak with GOD (1 Ths 5:17). We listen to and obey the Voice of GOD (1 Sam 3:9-10), even if it seems foolish. Elisha, Moses, Gideon and Ananias demonstrated listening to the voice of our Beloved LORD, appearing to do foolish things, which led to miraculous outcomes (2 Kin 6:6-7, 2 Kin 4:40-41, Exd 15:22-25, Jdg 7:2-8, Act 9:10-15). We speak with HIM concerning all things (Col 4:2, Php 4:6, Eph 6:18, Jhn 11:41-42, Luk 18:1, Luk 6:12, Luk 5:16, Mrk 6:46), as Elisha did when he asked that the eyes of his servant be opened, and the eyes of the army of Aram be closed (2 Kin 6:17-20).
    3. We rely on GOD and HIS WORD, seeing the unseen. We walk by our faith, our firm persuasion (Heb 11:1) not by appearance (2 Cor 5:7), as shown by Elisha when the city he was in was surrounded by Aram’s army (2 Kin 6:15-17, Isa 11:3, 2 Cor 4:18, Heb 11:1, Heb 11:27).
    4. We walk in love for everyone, which includes compassion for our enemies (Rom 12:20-21, Rom 5:6-10, Luk 6:32-36, Mat 5:43-48), as reflected through Elisha’s actions toward the army of Aram (2 Kin 6:21-23).
    5. Our character reflects The Presence of GOD in our lives (Jhn 15:1-8, 1 Cor 13:13, Gal 5:16-25, 1 Jhn 3:10-11, 1 Jhn 4:7-8), as demonstrated by Elisha’s willingness to go with the company of prophets to the Jordan River (2 Kin 6:1-5, Jhn 13:35, Col 1:3-4).

If you were of the world, the world would love its own

But because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world

Because of this the world hates you

John 15:18-19

When GOD Allows the Outside to Reflect the Inside – 2 Kings 5:1-27

A Study in 2 KingsAnd HE was saying,

That which proceeds out of the man, that is what defiles the man

For from within, out of the heart of men proceed the

Evil thoughts, fornications, thefts, murders, adulteries

Deeds of coveting and wickedness, as well as

Deceit, sensuality, envy, slander, pride and foolishness

All these evil things proceed from within

And defile the man

Mark 7:20-23

In this BIBLE study of 2 Kings Chapter 5, our Beloved LORD GOD focuses on two men, Naaman (2 Kin 5:1-19) and Gehazi (2 Kin 5:20-27). Within the study of these two men, are nine powerful lessons for each one of us.

As we began to look at Naaman and Gehazi, we learn in 2 Kings 5:1 that Naaman was:

  • captain of the Aramean (Syrian) army
  • highly regarded and respected by his master, the King of Aram; because by him our GOD gave victory to Aram
  • a valiant (courageous, determined, successful) warrior
  • a leper

From the study in 2 Kings Chapter 4, as well as 2 Kings 5:20, we are only told that Gehazi is the servant of Elisha the man of GOD.

Before we continue with this BIBLE study, let’s stop and address its title, “When GOD Allows the Outside to Reflect the Inside.” There are two types of leprosy:

  • Physical leprosy a progressive infectious disease caused by a particular bacteria that attacks the skin, flesh, nerves, etc.; it is characterized by nodules, ulcers, white scaly scabs, deformities, and the eventual loss of feeling in the affected parts of the body. When left untreated it causes death.
  • Spiritual leprosy a progressive hardening of the heart caused by ongoing, unrepentant sin. This sin causes gradual insensitivity to the promptings of The Holy SPIRIT, deafness to the voice of GOD, lack of thirst for the presence of GOD, absence of hunger for the WORD of GOD, and no remorse for sinning against GOD. This unholy progression makes spiritual leprosy as menacing to the soul as physical leprosy is to the body.

When left untreated, long-term physical leprosy is easily detected in the smell and appearance of the body; whereas long-term spiritual leprosy is reflected in the thought processes, attitude, and behavior of affected individuals.

Naaman was a physical leper. His body was cleansed from the leprosy when he humbled himself and followed the instructions given to him by Elisha (2 Kin 5:9-14). Afterwards, his soul was also cleansed when he both believed and confessed “there is no God in all the earth, but in Israel” (2 Kin 5:15). Naaman being made whole, determined within his heart, to serve only our Beloved LORD GOD, so he sought forgiveness when he had to go with his master the King of Aram into the house of the false god Rimmon as his aide (2 Kin 5:18-19).

Gehazi was a spiritual leper. And his spiritual leprosy was revealed through his actions (2 Kin 5:20-26). Gehazi’s heart of greed (which is a heart of idolatry-Col 3:5) would be revealed to everyone, when he suddenly was covered with leprosy (2 Kin 5:27). His love for money caused him to covet the treasure Naaman had brought with him as payment for his healing. Which led to him lying to both Naaman (2 Kin 5:22) and Elisha (2 Kin 5:25) to get some of it. But like Ananias and Sapphira, he would soon discover he was not lying to man, but to GOD (Act 5:1-10). Gehazi’s sin of greed/idolatry, like Achan (Jos 6:17-19, Jos 7:1-26) and Judas Iscariot (Jhn 12:4-6, Mrk 14:3-10, Mat 26:6-16, Psa 109:4-20) before him, not only affected him, but also his descendants (2 Kin 5:27).     

Are there other physical and spiritual lepers in The BIBLE who were made whole or revealed? Yes, there are:

  • Two physical lepers who humbled themselves before our Precious LORD JESUS CHRIST, were made whole:
    • A Jewish leper (Luk 5:12-14)
    • A Samaritan leper (Luk 17:11-19)
  • Two spiritual lepers whose diseased hearts were revealed through physical leprosy:
    • Miriam’s heart of envy, led her to criticize and disparage GOD’s chosen leader, her younger brother Moses. Her judgment for speaking against GOD’s leader, was seven days outside the camp cut off from the rest of Israel, until both her heart and body were healed (Num 12:1-16).
    • King Uzziah’s heart was full of pride, causing him to try and force himself into a place that was not his to have. He spent the rest of his life with leprosy, cut off from the house of The LORD (2 Chr 26:16-21).  

Lessons within the Lesson:

  • All things work together for good (2 Kin 5:2-4, Rom 8:28). The captivity of a little girl from Israel brought healing and salvation to a man of valor from Aram.
  • HE can use any messenger (2 Kin 5:3-4, Luk 19:37-40). The message of a prophet in Israel with a gift of healing through a little Israeli servant girl, was heard and received.
  • It’s not about you (2 Kin 5:5-7, Gen 45:5-8, Deu 9:4-6, Act 16:25-31). There are times when things good or bad happen around us, or to us, but we must not lean to our own understanding about the event(s) taking place (Pro 3:5), we must trust GOD. Perhaps we are not the reason but the instrument.
  • GOD knows (2 Kin 5:3, 2 Kin 5:8, Heb 4:12). Absolutely nothing is hidden from our Beloved LORD GOD, there is no where we can hide our thoughts, actions or deeds from HIM, HE sees and knows it all (Psa 90:8, Psa 139:1-12, Jer 23:24, Eze 8:7-12).
  • Healing comes with humility (2 Kin 5:9, 2 Kin 5:11-14). When we humble ourselves before our loving, compassionate and gracious GOD, HE has promised we will be healed (2 Chr 7:14), our sorrow turned into joy (Jam 4:8-10), and our heads lifted up (Psa 3:3).
  • A true servant of GOD will never distract from HIS glory (2 Kin 5:10-11, Psa 115:1). Our heart must be humble, like our Precious LORD JESUS CHRIST, HE came as a servant (Mrk 10:45) who never tried to take honor for HIMSELF (Php 2:5-8).
  • GOD’s gifts are not for sale (2 Kin 5:15-16, Act 8:18-20). Like Naaman, we must completely understand that it is GOD at work by HIS servants (Act 19:11). We have freely received from HIM to build up HIS Church and expand HIS Kingdom, we must freely give (Mat 10:7-8).
  • GOD reveals men’s hearts (2 Kin 5:20, 1 Cor 4:5) as well as all things done in secret (2 Kin 5:21-26, Luk 12:2-3, 1 Tim 5:24-25). See comment on bullet point 4).
  • GOD will judge those secrets (2 Kin 5:27, Rom 2:16). Each one of us must stand before the judgment seat of CHRIST (2 Cor 5:10), and give account for everything we did in our bodies (Ecc 3:17, Ecc 11:9, Ecc 12:14).


And HE said to them

You are those who justify yourselves in the sight of men

But GOD knows your hearts

For that which is highly esteemed among men

Is detestable in the sight of GOD     

Luke 16:15

The LORD is our KEEPER – 2 Kings 4:1-44

A Study in 2 KingsI will lift up my eyes to the mountains;

From where shall my help come?

My help comes from The LORD,

WHO made heaven and earth.

HE will not allow your foot to slip;

HE who keeps you will not slumber.

Behold, HE who keeps Israel

Will neither slumber nor sleep.

The LORD is your Keeper;

The LORD is your shade on your right hand.

The sun will not smite you by day,

Nor the moon by night.

The LORD will protect you from all evil;

HE will keep your soul.

The LORD will guard your going out and your coming in

From this time forth and forever.

Psalm 121:1-8

In this BIBLE study of 2 Kings Chapter 4, our Beloved LORD GOD will comfort and encourage us through several truths, as HE makes HIMSELF known as The True SHEPHERD through a widow, a Shunammite woman, and a company of prophets.

Why is the foundational Scripture Psalm 121:1-8, and not from a Scripture(s) in 2 Kings Chapter 4? When I studied 2 Kings Chapter 4, I asked our Beloved LORD GOD what was HIS message for this passage. HE said “The LORD is our KEEPER.” HE then led me to Psalm 121:1-8, and by examining the English word “Keeper” in the Hebrew language of origin, HE gave me the following understanding:

In the NASB translation, of Psalm 121:1-8, there are five English words (keep, keeps, keeper, protect and guard) that are all transliterated from the same Hebrew word “shamar” (OT: 8104); it is a primitive root word, that means to:

  • hedge about (as with thorns) ― to place a boundary or barrier around for protection (Job 1:10)
  • guard ― to keep safe, protect (Psa 121:8, Act 20:28)
  • protect ― defend, or guard from loss (1 Sam 17:34-37, Amo 3:12, Jhn 10:11-13, Jhn 10:28-29)
  • watch-over ― stay awake, be alert, observe carefully, look after, guard, protect (Job 36:7, Pro 15:3, Heb 4:13)
  • preserve ― keep from harm, danger, damage, evil (Psa 32:7)
  • tend ― to take care of, to watch-over (Isa 40:11, Mrk 6:34-44, Jhn 21:15-17)
  • take care of ― to look after, to provide for (Gen 50:24-25, Psa 55:22, Mat 11:28-30, 1 Pet 5:7)

In Romans 15:4 our Beloved LORD GOD tells us “whatever was written in earlier times, was written for our instruction, so that through perseverance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.” As a result, whenever I read The BIBLE, I ask our Beloved “what instructions should I personally receive from the passage I am reading?” While I pondered the definition of a Keeper, in Psalm 121:1-8, our Precious JESUS CHRIST revealed that I was looking at the conduct of a true shepherd. And it is how HE, our SHEPHERD (Psa 23:1, Jhn 10:11, 1 Pet 2:25) takes care of us, HIS people, the sheep of HIS pasture (Psa 95:7, Psa 100:3, Eze 34:11-16).

As our Beloved SHEPHERD, HE is our Keeper, our Constant Companion, our Guardian, our Protector, our Preserver, our Defender…

  • HE continually keeps us safe from harm (Psa 121:7, Jhn 10:27-30). This doesn’t mean we will not suffer, it means that what pain HE allows will not destroy us (2 Cor 4:7-9, Luk 21:12-19, Jhn 3:16).
  • HE never ceases to be watchful over us (Psa 121:3-4, Isa 27:3, 2 Chr 16:9, Psa 33:18). HE never grows tired or fatigued (Isa 40:28).
  • HE is very attentive to us (Psa 121:8, Deu 28:6, Jhn 10:1-10). HE knows the condition of HIS flock (Pro 27:23). HE is completely aware of every part of us (Psa 139:1-5). HE continually knows what we are doing, and where we are doing it (Pro 5:21, Jer 16:17). And everything we say and do is recorded in books in heaven (Jer 17:13, Mal 3:16-18, Mat 12:36-37, Rev 20:12). HE knows the desires of our hearts (Psa 10:17, Psa 38:9), and every need we have (Mat 6:8).


  • Israel was divided into two kingdoms after Solomon’s reign (1 Kin 11:11-13, 1 Kin 11:31-32). The first kingdom located in the north continued to be called Israel, and its capital was Samaria (2 Kin 17:6). The second kingdom located in the south became known as Judah, and its capital is Jerusalem (1 Kin 14:21).
  • Elisha’s prophetic ministry like Elijah before him, was in the northern kingdom (2 Kin 1:17). And like Elijah, he traveled between cities in Israel. The map at the end of the study reflects the places Elijah and Elisha traveled to/from during their ministries. 2 Kings Chapter 4, records Elisha’s travels between Mount Carmel, Shunem and Gilgal (underlined in red on the map ― 2 Kin 4:8, 2 Kin 4:25, 2 Kin 4:38).
  • Mount Carmel is located by the Mediterranean Sea (Jer 46:18). Several significant activities are recorded at this mountain:
    • King Saul set up a monument for himself at this mountain (1 Sam 15:12), after his partial obedience in the battle with the Amalekites (1 Sam 15:1 -23)
    • GOD used Elijah to reveal the true GOD in Israel through fire from heaven (1 Kin 18:17-41)
    • Elijah went to the top of Mount Carmel to watch for a cloud forming on the horizon of the sea– the sign that The LORD GOD had ended the famine in Israel (1 Kin 18:42-46)
    • Elisha and his servant Gehazi resided at the mountain’s base
  • Shunem was one of the cities in Israel belonging to the tribe of Issachar (Jos 19:17-23). It was located between Gilgal and Mount Carmel (as shown on the map at the end of the study). Shunem is known as the place where the Philistines encamped for their final battle against King Saul and the Israelites (1 Sam 28:4). It was during this battle, King Saul and three of his sons died (1 Sam 31:1-10).

As we examine 1 Kings Chapter 4, we are first introduced to a widow (2 Kin 4:1-7):             

  1. Filled with fear, because her husband, one of the prophets died leaving a bill she could not pay. The creditor of the bill came to take her two sons away, to work as his slaves (2 Kin 4:1, 2 Kin 4:7). The creditor’s heart was not right before GOD, because he ignored our Beloved LORD GOD’s instructions to treat the poor in Israel as a hired man and not as a slave in order to pay off debt (Lev 25:39-41, Neh 5:1-5).
  2. She knew if the creditor took her two sons, her means of support would be taken with them. According to our Beloved ABBA’S WORD, adult children and adult grandchildren should take care of their elderly parents when they can no longer provide for themselves (Mrk 7:10-13, Luk 7:11-15, 1 Tim 5:3-5). Our Precious JESUS CHRIST demonstrated the importance of this; HIS final accomplishment before laying down HIS life on the cross for each one of us, was to make sure HIS mother was taken care of (Jhn 19:25-30).
  3. Who felt she had nothing in her house to satisfy her debt. But our Beloved LORD GOD reminded her, she had a jar of oil. The prophet Elisha gives her instructions concerning the jar of oil (2 Kin 4:3-4). Through faith and obedience, our Beloved LORD GOD miraculously provided oil in abundance, so the debt was paid off, and money was left over to live on (2 Kin 4:5-7).

Throughout The BIBLE our Beloved LORD GOD has given us examples of HIM working with what we have (2 Cor 8:12) to provide for our needs (1 Kin 17:1-16) and the needs of others (2 Kin 4:42-44, Mrk 8:4-7, Jhn 6:9). Our Great SHEPHERD will not only deliver us from all our fears (Psa 34:4), but HE also provides for us (Gen 22:14, Neh 9:21, Psa 136:25, Psa 145:15-16, Jhn 21:12-13). When HE is our SHEPHERD, we will not want (Psa 23:1), which means we will not be without, have a lack of, or have a need not provided for (Psa 37:25-26, Mat 6:25-34, 2 Cor 9:8-11, Php 4:19).

We are next introduced to a Shunammite woman (2 Kin 4:8-37):

She is identified by our Beloved LORD GOD as a prominent (or great) woman living in the village of Shunem (2 Kin 4:8). The English word “prominent” in 2 Kings 4:8 was transliterated from the Hebrew word “gadol” (OT 1419) and means great of power, nobility or wealth; distinguished; very much above the ordinary.

Whose actions demonstrate she was indeed great in:

  1. Hospitality (Heb 13:1-2, 1 Pet 4:9). To truly be hospitable, one must be welcoming, warm and generous. This woman from Shunem wasn’t selfish (Pro 23:6-8). She was very generous, persuading Elisha and his servant Gehazi, to share their food not once but continually (2 Kin 4:8).
  2. Her love for GOD (1 Jhn 3:17-18, 1 Jhn 4:20-21). She could not have compassion for Elisha and Gehazi, if she did not have the love of GOD within herself (1 Jhn 4:19). She welcomed Elisha instead of mocking him (2 Kin 2:23), perceiving (or knowing by experience and recognition) that Elisha was a man of GOD (2 Kin 4:9). The Shunammite showed love for GOD’s NAME by ministering to HIS servant (Heb 6:10, Mrk 9:41) by providing for all he and his servant’s needs (2 Kin 4:9-11).
  3. Contentment (Php 4:11, 1 Tim 6:6-8, Heb 13:5). Though questioned, she requested nothing from the man of GOD (2 Kin 4:12-13). And she did not linger after her questioning, hoping to receive something. In fact Elisha had to call her back (2 Kin 4:14-15). Which testifies to her generous heart once again, she was not expecting anything in return for her kindness and generosity.
  4. Faith (Luk 1:37, Heb 11:6). The Shunammite woman knew nothing was impossible with GOD, and through HIS servant, she and her husband would not experience the loss of their only child. Our Beloved LORD GOD reveals her faith by her response three different times. First, when her husband asked why was she going to see the man of GOD, she simply answered “It will be well” (2 Kings 4:23). Second, when Elisha sent Gehazi to inquire if all was well with her husband, herself and their child, she answered “It is well” (2 Kings 4:26). And finally, she refused to return to her dead son if the man of GOD did not go with her (2 Kings 4:30).

 Our Great SHEPHERD is a Restorer. HE brings us back to a former condition (Gen 5:1, Eph 4:22-24, Rom 12:2), and HE gives back what was lost (Joe 2:25-27). As HE did with:

  • The Shunammite woman who lost her child through death (2 Kin 4:31-37), and later her house and field through famine (2 Kin 8:1-6)
  • Each one of us who trusts in JESUS (Jhn 3:16) and faithfully obeys HIM (Jhn 3:36), are restored to grace (Rom 5:15-21), reconciled to GOD (Rom 5:8-11), given eternal life (Gen 2:17, Jhn 6:40), and access to the tree of life (Gen 3:21-24, Rev 22:1-5).

We are finally introduced to a company of prophets living in Gilgal (2 Kin 4:38-44). This company of prophets faced death twice, first because of the scarcity of food during the famine (2 Kin 4:38), and second when one of the prophets gathered poisonous gourds (or a plant called a “squirting cucumber” which has a very bitter taste and is poisonous) cut them up, and put them into the pot (2 Kin 4:39). When the prophets began to eat the stew they cried out to Elisha for help (2 Kings 4:40). Our Great SHEPHERD and Keeper protected the prophets from death (Psa 68:20), by using HIS servant Elisha to throw meal into the pot which miraculously made the stew edible.

Our Beloved LORD GOD protected the prophets from death (2 Kings 4:41), and later provided for them by blessing what was not near enough for 100 men to eat, into more than enough (2 Kin 4:42-44). HE not only protected and provided for the company of prophets, HE protected and provided for the nation of Israel at Marah (Exd 15:22-25), and for all HIS creation (Psa 136:25, Luk 6:35, Mat 5:45). But for those who trust in HIM (Psa 28:7, Pro 16:20, Jer 17:7, Jhn 5:24, Jhn 12:44-45), HE also provides spiritual (Jhn 14:16, Jhn 14:26-27) and eternal support (Jhn 14:1-3, 1 Jhn 2:25).

Those who trust in The LORD

Are as Mount Zion, which cannot be moved but abides forever

As the mountains surround Jerusalem

So The LORD surrounds HIS people

From this time forth and forever

Psalm 125:1-2

Map of Mount Carmel, Shunem and Gilgal

Knowing How to Battle – 2 Kings 3:1-27

A Study in 2 KingsThen he went and sent word to Jehoshaphat the king of Judah, saying

“The king of Moab has rebelled against me. Will you go with me to fight against Moab?”

And he said, “I will go up; I am as you are, my people as your people, my horses as your horses.”

He said, “Which way shall we go up?”

And he answered, “The way of the wilderness of Edom.”

2 Kings 3:7-8


In this BIBLE study, we will not only be looking at how king Jehoram went about his battle against the king of Moab, but we will also examine the lessons to be learned.


  • Jehoram (aka Joram) was a son of king Ahab of Israel (2 Kin 3:1), and became king when his older brother Ahaziah died, because Ahaziah had no sons (2 Kin 1:17).
  • Jehoram like his father and brother before him, was an evil king in Israel. He too served idols instead of GOD. Though he did not serve Baal as his father, mother, and brother had. He had the pillar of Baal removed when he became king (2 Kin 3:2). However, he still served the two golden calves that Jeroboam the fifth king of Israel created, causing the whole nation of Israel to sin (2 Kin 3:3).
  • History of the golden calves. Most people know about the golden calf Aaron made for the idolatrous Israelites while Moses was still meeting with GOD on the mountain (Exd 32:1-8). But many do not know about the two golden calves, that Jeroboam created. Though GOD had given Jeroboam the ten tribes living in the northern kingdom of Israel, and promised to make his kingdom endure if he walked upright before HIM (1 Kin 11:26-38). Jeroboam did not trust GOD’s WORDs, and out of fear, sinned as Aaron had, by making two golden calves (1 Kin 12:25-33). After the two golden calves had been created and set up, Jeroboam like Aaron declared the same blasphemous words “behold your gods, O Israel, that brought you up from the land of Egypt” (Exd 32:2-4, 1 Kin 12:28-29).
  • Jehoshaphat the king of Judah was a man who did what was right in the sight of The LORD, like his father Asa and David (1 Kin 15:9-15, 1 Kin 22:41-44). He often inquired of The LORD, and called a nationwide fast, when seeking help from The LORD from Judah’s enemies who were too many and too powerful (2 Chr 20:1-30).

In order to be victorious in the battles we face, we must know how to battle. Which means:

  • Be experienced in warfare → Experience only comes with doing (Before David was a man of war-1 Chr 28:3, he was a protector of sheep-1 Sam 17:33-37). You must practice in order to become experienced (Heb 5:14, Eph 4:13-15, Psa 119:100-102)
  • Have an understanding of the battle you face → Our struggle is not against flesh and blood (Eph 6:11)
  • Be aware of, or be familiar with the tactics of the enemy → Satan is a tempter (Gen 3:1-3, Mat 4:3-11); an accuser (Gen 3:5, Rev 12:10, Zec 3:1-5); a liar (Gen 3:3-4, Jhn 8:44); a deceiver (Rev 12:9, Rev 13:14, 1 Tim 2:14, Gen 3:13); a destroyer (1 Pet 5:8, Jhn 10:10, Jhn 8:44, Luk 22:31)…
  • Know how to win → Do not fight alone (Ecc 4:9-12, Mat 18:19-20, Mrk 6:7-13, Luk 10:1-12); fight with a champion (Isa 42:13, Isa 19:20, Jer 20:11, Jer 15:20-21, Zep 3:17, Rom 8:31)

Lessons Learned in 2 Kings Chapter 3:

  • Choose your Allies wisely (2 Kin 3:7, Psa 46:1-3, Psa 146:3-5, Jer 17:5-8).
  • Do not assume your decision is GOD’s decision (2 Kin 3:8-9, Pro 3:5-6), your thoughts are not HIS thoughts (Isa 55:8-9, 1 Cor 1:27-29). Remember our Beloved LORD GOD gave victory to:
    • Gideon―with trumpets, pitchers and torches (Jug 7:16-23)
    • David―with a slingshot and a single stone (1 Sam 17:40-50)
    • Jehoram―with trenches (2 Kin 3:16-23)
    • Kingdom of Judah―by praise and worship (2 Chr 20:14-22)
  • Do not blame GOD for your circumstances (2 Kin 3:10, 2 Kin 3:13, Num 11:1, Job 1:20-22, Job 2:7-10).
  • Always inquire of GOD first (2 Kin 3:11-13, 1 Sam 9:9, Heb 4:14-16), then you will know when to fight and when to stand (1 Sam 17:46-47, 2 Sam 5:17-25, 2 Chr 20:15); only those with a clean heart can inquire of HIM (1 Sam 28:6, Eze 20:1-3, Isa 59:1-3, Mat 5:23-24↔1 Pet 2:5, Rom 12:1, Heb 13:15-16, Jhn 9:31).
  • Seek GOD’s presence through prayer, praise and worship (2 Kin 3:14-15, 1 Sam 10:5, Psa 100:1-5, Psa 95:2, Php 4:6).
  • Obey HIS WORD (2 Kin 3:24-25) without going too far (Deu 4:2, Deu 12:32, Pro 30:6, 2 Jhn 1:9-11, Rev 22:18-19). The armies led by Israel slaughtered the Moabites (2 Kin 3:24), causing GOD’s wrath to rise against Israel (2 Kin 3:27, Zec 1:15).
  • Know your weakness, and your enemy’s strength (2 Kin 3:26), a hard lesson learned by the seven sons of Sceva (Act 19:11-16), who did not know GOD is our strength (Psa 81:1, Psa 62:7-8, Luk 11:20-22).
  • Do not forget the reason for the battle (2 Kin 3:4-7, 2 Kin 3:27) and do not rejoice over your enemy’s downfall (Pro 24:17-18).

One Taken One Doubly Anointed – 2 Kin 2:1-25

A Study in 2 KingsWhen they had crossed over, Elijah said to Elisha

“Ask what I shall do for you before I am taken from you.”

And Elisha said, “Please, let a double portion of your spirit be upon me.”

He said, “You have asked a hard thing.

Nevertheless, if you see me when I am taken from you,

It shall be so for you; but if not, it shall not be so.”

2 Kings 2:9-10

In this study of 2 Kings Chapter 2, we will examine two major events which occur, Elijah is taken alive up to heaven and Elisha receives a double anointing of our Beloved LORD GOD’s Holy SPIRIT as his successor. We will also carefully consider several events surrounding the two aforementioned events. But let’s first look at some historical background, to provide more understanding of details that might be missed.  


Circuit of SamuelSamuel was both a prophet of GOD, and a Judge of Israel (1 Sam 3:19-20, 1 Sam 7:15). He presided over companies of prophets (1 Sam 19:20) who lived in Bethel, Gilgal and Mizpah (the towns which were part of his annual circuit as a Judge―1 Sam 7:16-17) as seen in the attached map.

Elijah who now presided over the prophets in these towns, knew our Beloved LORD GOD was going to answer his prayer to end his physical life (1 Kin 19:4). He was traveling from Gilgal to the other side of the Jordan River (2 Kin 2:1-9), perhaps traveling home to Gilead on the other side of the Jordan to die (1 Kin 17:1, Jug 12:4, Num 26:28-29).

Elisha who had been anointed by GOD to replace Elijah as HIS prophet (1 Kin 19:16), was traveling with Elijah. Elijah became Elisha’s master (boss), at the moment he threw his mantle on Elisha, symbolizing the transference of the power and authority of his ministry to Elisha (1 Kin 19:19).

Points to Consider:

  • Though Elijah tried to talk Elisha out of following him to his death, Elisha refused to leave his master’s side. Elisha, like Ruth who refused to leave Naomi (Rut 1:15-16), and Ittai who refused to leave King David (2 Sam 15:19-22), declared that only death would separate him from Elijah (2 Kin 2:2-6). Each one of us should be this determined to follow our Beloved LORD JESUS CHRIST. We should cling to HIM and HIS WORD the way a belt clings to a waist (Jer 13:11, Psa 119:31, Rom 12:9). As faithful servants we should follow our Beloved MASTER wherever HE goes (Jhn 10:1-9, Jhn 10:27); including death, for HIS NAMESAKE (Rev 12:11, Php 3:7-8, Act 21:13, Mat 16:24-27, Mat 10:37-39).
  • Our LORD makes known HIS plans to HIS prophets (Amo 3:7) and to those who do HIS will (Jhn 15:14-15, Pro 3:32, Psa 25:14, Gen 18:17-19). That is why in 2 Kings 2:1-6, Elijah, Elisha and the prophets who lived in the places they traveled to, knew our GOD was going to take Elijah.
  • When Elijah used his mantle to strike the waters of the Jordan river (2 Kin 2:8), it was the third recorded time our Beloved LORD GOD parted the waters for HIS anointed to walk miraculous through them on dry ground (Exd 14:15-30, Jos 3:5-17, Jos 4:1-24). This powerful work of our Beloved LORD GOD occurred for three reasons. First, it confirmed GOD’s choice of the individual for service (Exd 14:31, Jos 3:7, 2 Kin 2:13-14). Second, it demonstrated that our Beloved GOD is The Almighty to those who didn’t know them (Jos 4:23-24). And third, those who knew HIM, would honor and revere HIM (Psa 76:7, Jer 10:6-7). Just like, HIS people who came before us, HE will not let the waters overflow us (Isa 43:2), take a moment and reflect on and thank HIM for the situation(s) in your life, HE prevented from overtaking you (Psa 18:1-19).
  • When Elisha requested a double portion of the Spirit that was on Elijah be upon him (2 Kin 2:9), he was not asking for twice as much of GOD’s Holy SPIRIT that dwelt on Elijah. He recognized the magnitude of Elijah’s ministry, and was seeking to be qualified to continue Elijah’s ministry with the help of GOD. Remember Elisha was not among the prophets, he was a farmer, out plowing in the field, when his divine call came (1 Kin 19:20-21). Two things, we should consider. First our Precious Savior and LORD JESUS CHRIST can use anyone, as demonstrated by HIS call of Elisha. And two, HE has promised, that each one who trusts in HIM, will carry out HIS mission of preaching The Gospel; not just in Israel but throughout the world (Jhn 14:12-14). Do you trust HIM to go forth in all the world, doing what HE has called you to do? (Mrk 16:15-18).
  • Elijah knew that Elisha’s request to have a double portion of GOD’s Holy SPIRIT was something only GOD could give (Num 11:16-17). And only if GOD allowed Elisha to see Elijah be taken up to heaven, would Elisha’s request for a double portion be granted (2 Kin 2:10). As it was in 2 Kings 2:12.
  • Elijah like Enoch was take to heaven without dying (2 Kin 2:11, Gen 5:21-24, Heb 11:5). Being translated (changed in the twinkling of the eye) will also be experienced by the living faithful at the time of our Precious LORD JESUS CHRIST’s second coming (1 Cor 15:51-52, 1 Ths 4:15-17).
  • GOD gave both witness and confirmation to Elisha. HE gave witness that HE was with Elisha, just as HE had with Moses, Joshua and Elijah before him, by parting the waters of the Jordan River (2 Kin 2:13-15). HE also confirmed Elisha’s new ministry when the leaders of Jericho came to him for help (2 Kin 2:19). Our GOD confirmed Elisha’s ministry through two symbols and a miracle (2 Kin 2:20-22). A new jar containing salt. The new jar symbolized, the new ministry bestowed on Elisha; the salt symbolized a binding and eternal union between our Beloved LORD GOD and HIS prophet (Lev 2:13, Num 18:19-20, 2 Chr 13:5↔2 Sam 7:12-16). Furthermore, The WORD of GOD in the prophet’s mouth purified the waters, symbolizing the salt in the new bowl. Is your faith united to HIS WORDS bringing you eternal life (Heb 4:2), or does unbelief keep you in darkness, destined for death?
  • Elisha’s new ministry was challenged by both the godly, and the ungodly:
    • The godly (the prophets) challenged Elisha’s ministry, questioning his insight (2 Kin 2:16). Elisha saw Elijah taken up to heaven, so he knew the prophets would not find him. But instead of standing firm on what our Beloved LORD had made known to him, he allowed them to shame him into giving approval to go and seek for Elijah (2 Kin 17-18). Has our Beloved LORD GOD revealed something to you, that instead of standing firm and trusting HIS WORD, you gave in to the crowd?
    • The ungodly (a large number of young men) mocked Elisha as he was leaving Jericho (2 Kin 2:23). Our Beloved LORD GOD confirmed Elisha’s ministry twice, yet, this ungodly group followed him with mocking and harsh words. When Elisha turned and cursed the ungodly men (2 Kin 2:24), it was not because of his pride, but their disrespect of our GOD and HIS WORD (Jud 1:14-16). Those who persist in mocking GOD’s WORD and HIS messengers will eventually suffer GOD’s wrath and death (2 Chr 36:15-16). Those who speak harsh things against GOD in ignorance are forgiven (Heb 5:2, Heb 9:7, Act 17:30-31, 1 Tim 1:13), but when it is done with knowledge of WHO GOD is; it is blasphemy and brings death (Eze 20:27, Eze 18:24, Mrk 3:28-29↔Jhn 4:24, 1 Cor 3:16, Rom 8:9-10, Jhn 14:23).


Then we who are alive and remain

Will be caught up together with them in the clouds

To meet The LORD in the air

And so we shall always be with The LORD

1 Thessalonians 4:17